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Marijuana Use & Oral Health


March 8, 2017 4:36:28 pm

Heavy use of marijuana has been reported to cause respiratory problems, bronchial complaints, diarrhea, abdominal cramps, tachycardia, acute panic and paranoia and impairment with short-term memory and motor skills.

The most beneficial use of marijuana is its antiemetic properties, especially for patients receiving chemotherapy and its ability to reduce intraocular pressure in the treatment of glaucoma. It is used widely for cancer patients, AIDS patients and other chronic diseases.

Marijuana use can lead to several oral problems. Of most concern to dental providers are the development of xerostomia (dry mouth) and an often dramatic increased rate of caries (cavities). Additionally, irritation, edema and erythema of the oral tissues have been seen. A limited numbers of studies have linked a correlation between marijuana use and the risk of periodontal disease. As far as a link to the development of oral cancer, the high intraoral temperature from marijuana smoking can cause changes in oral tissues and cellular disruption. Although these changes likely could lead to oral cancer, the link has not been established.

ADA News February 20, 2017

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E-Cigarettes Cause Damage to Gum Tissue


February 1, 2017 5:00:05 pm

"A University of Rochester Medical Center study suggests that electronic cigarettes are as equally damaging to gums and teeth as conventional cigarettes. According to the study, when the vapors from an e-cigarette are burned, it causes cells to release inflammatory proteins, which in turn aggravate stress within cells resulting in damage that could lead to variuos oral diseases. How much and how often someone is smoking e-cigarettes will determine the extent of damage to the gums and oral cavity. The study also found that the flavoring chemicals play a role in damaging cells in the mouth. It is also important to remember that e-cigarettes contain nicotine, which is known to contriburte to gum disease."

For additional information about the study, visit impactjournals.com

Journal california Dental Association, February 2017

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Gum Disease and Alzheimer's


November 3, 2016 11:00:46 am

Treating periodontics (gum disease) could reduce or delay the risk of Alzheimer's disease.

"Recent studies provide increasing evidence that untreated periodontal inflammation is linked to cognitive decline and Alzheimer's disease, and that treating periodontics my reduce or delay risk of this disease.

A study by professor St. John Crean and Dr. Sim Singhrao at the University of Central Lancashire School of Medicine and Dentistry in England involved the examination of brain tissue samples of 10 deceased people with Alzheimer's and 10 people without it.

It was found that bacteria found in  chronic periodontal disease were present in brains of four of the 10 people with Alzheimer's but in none of the 10 without it. Researchers theorized that chronic periodontal disease bacteria, P. gingivitis, enter the bloodstream and brain, prompting an immune system response, which over time is thought to contribute to cognitive decline and Alzheimer's disease."

Dental Tribune U.S. Edition October 2016

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